Five ways to apply Montessori pedagogy at home with your child - The360 Lifestyle

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  • Sunday, December 1, 2019

    Five ways to apply Montessori pedagogy at home with your child

    Five ways to apply Montessori pedagogy at home with your child

    It is possible to give your child the benefits of Montessori pedagogy at home. The proof by five with the teacher Marie Robert. 

    The Montessori School, like Steiner and Freinet, is part of the very popular family of alternative pedagogies. Founded in 1907 by Maria Montessori, an Italian doctor devoted to the cause of children, this method of education is based in particular on discovery, sensory education and the freedom of the child. Disappointed by the Republican school, more and more parents are trying to enroll their offspring in a different institution. Although the Montessori method was originally intended for disadvantaged children, it is clear that it is no longer within the reach of all scholarships. But some educational principles can be applied daily at home, and this from the birth of the child. The advice of Marie Robert, pedagogical director of the Montessori International School in Marseille.

    Think about the child's room

    In Montessori pedagogy, here is what is called the "prepared environment". Clearly, we shape one of the first places of life of the child and this, as soon as it came into the world, for optimal development. "The layout of the room is made with respect to the child, and focused on his activity to stimulate it. Thus, its development will be optimal, "says the pedagogical director.

    In practice: for children from 0 to 3 years, we avoid the crib and we prefer a mattress on the floor to avoid "confinement". We install shelves at its height so that it is in the desire to go for an object, even if it crawls. You can also install a mirror, always at its height, equipped with a bar in front, to allow him to grab hold of himself and see each other.
    Namely: there are Montessorian facilities but they are relatively expensive. To avoid buying a credit for a shelf, we opt for home made manufacturing.

    Associate it with the practical life of the house

    No need to wait for the youngest to be perfectly mobile and manage to serve glasses of water with one hand to participate in the life of the house. "Maria Montessori said" intelligence comes from the hand ". It is by empowering him, by pushing him to do things and by choosing adapted furniture that his mobility is made to work, "recalls Marie Robert.

    In practice: when one of the parents prepares a meal, it is associated with the "exercise poured". There are two pots on the table, one empty and the other filled with lenses for example. Using a ladle (relatively big for the little ones), it makes him pour the lentils from one pot to another. Always in the kitchen, the oranges are squeezed to the largest (about 6 years old). On a tray - to center the activity - place the oranges, a cutting board and the juicer. At the table, for those who know more or less eat alone, we avoid the high chair and we favor table and chair at its height.

    The exercise of sorting, especially clothing according to the colors, is also interesting to sharpen mobility and autonomy. We use three colors, we sit next to the child and we show him twice the gesture using a minimum of words to maintain its ability to focus. Then it's his turn. In order to make him actor of his own environment (and not to avoid dad or mom sweeping the kitchen), he is taught to clean his table or sweep the floor. To do this, we draw a square on the floor and we ask him to pass the broom in this space.

    If we have a garden, we take the opportunity to make him aware of his external environment by buying a small watering can adapted to his practice or by teaching him to clean the leaves of a plant.

    Teach him the pleasure of caring for him

    Exit negotiations at the summit each evening to convince him to go brushing his teeth: "The main thing is to make him understand the importance of hygiene through pleasure and happiness," says the teacher.

    In practice: we create a real moment just for him, with his toothbrush, toothpaste and possibly a scented hand cream on a tray in his room. In the bathroom, we reserve a space for him by buying a soap dish which will be dedicated to him, and we do not forget to place a step so that he reaches the washbasin alone.

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